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Ukraine

    Fortress Cv. Elizabeth

    • Kropyvnytskyi, Ukraine
    • Fortress Cv. Elizabeth$$
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      fortification, 1754

      Ramparts of the fortress St. Elizabeth, which marked the beginning of Kirovograd (formerly. Yelisavetgrad), located near the present city center. Founded in 1754, the fortress was named after St. Elizabeth, patroness of the Empress Elizabeth. The ramparts were built in the form of a star polygon whose ends are pointed bastions. Elisabeth fortress served as the headquarters of the Russian military command in southern Ukraine, the stronghold of Russian influence in Zaporozhye lands and the center of the fight against haidamak movement. In 1769 the fortress withstood the siege of the Turkish-Tatar army Khan of Crimea Giray. At the end of this stage of the Russian-Turkish war, and after the elimination of Zaporizhzhya Sich in 1775 Elisabeth fortress lost military-strategic importance, and in 1784 was disarmed nevertheless unique earthen fortifications survived until our days. Also partially preserved barracks in which at the end of the XVIII century. located regiment of General Kutuzov. Installed memorial - old cannons. On the territory is a memorial to the Eternal Flame at the military cemetery died during the Second World War.

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